Hepatoprotective and immune-reconstitution potentials of carrot-ginger blend among HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy in Kaduna, Nigeria

Hepatotoxicity, micronutrients insufficiency and cost of micronutrient supplements are challenges faced by HIV infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study investigated the effect of natural plant micronutrients (vitam…

  Joshua Zamani Pius, Abarshi Muawiyam Musa, Sani Ibrahim, Olumuyiwa Owolabi Adeyemi, Mada Sanusi Bello, Dallhatu Rhoda Yakubu

 Vol.19  No.2 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Microbial production of histamine and the imperatives of processed food consumption

Food processing and storage increase the value chain of food items, both for commercial purposes and for future use by peasant producers. The roles of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeasts in the processing of dairy, brewed, bakery and…

  Ezema James Nnabuike, Agbo Esther Chinedu and Eze Emmanuel Aniebolam

 Vol.19  No.2 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Effect of salinity stress on the antioxidant defence systems of two varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.)

Osmotic stress, oxidative stress and oxidation of essential macromolecules are common consequences of salinity stress that limit plant growth and productivity. Plants are known to evolve several strategies such as upsurge of antioxidan…

  Aminu Lailaba Abubakar, Musa Mukhtar, Anyekema Michael, Magaji Umar Faruk, Sanusi Hassan Wara

 Vol.19  No.2 - 2021
Status:  Published

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The use of microstructures in the authentication of powdered drug plants

Adulteration and substitution of herbal drugs are trending issues in the herbal industry, posing a serious threat to commercial natural product research. The anatomy of powdered and non-powdered samples of plant species were compared t…

  Abdulrahaman Alanamu Abdullahi, Al Sahli Abdulaziz Abdullah,Tinuola Abimbola Aluko, Adeniran Sunday Adebunmi, Sagaya Abdulquadri

 Vol.19  No.2 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Severity of Phytophthora leaf blight disease and susceptibility of two local varieties of Colocasia to Phytophthora colocasiae Raciborski in Nsukka zone of South Eastern Nigeria

Leaf-blight disease of Colocasia caused by Phytophthora colocasiae Raciborski has been a serious impediment to cocoyam production in Nigeria. Disease severity and susceptibility of the two most cultivated local varieties “Ugwuta” (Colo…

  Ugwuja Faustina Njideka, Onaebi Chiemeka Nwakaego, Chiejina Nneka Virginia and Ugwuoke Kelvin Ikechukwu

 Vol.19  No.2 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Assessment of phytoplankton composition and physicochemical parameters of Omasi rice field, Anambra State, Nigeria

The microalgae and physicochemical parameters of floodwater of Omasi rice field in Anambra State, Nigeria were studied. Samples for the studies were collected at monthly intervals. The microalgae were studied using light microscopy and…

  Ude, Bartholomew Okwudilichukwu and Nweze, Nkechinyere Onyekwere

 Vol.19  No.2 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Nutritional changes induced by fungi on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) seeds

Seeds are usually infected by microorganisms and pests during storage, causing deterioration and reduction in the nutritive and market value of these seeds. In this study, the proximate composition of Vigna unguiculata seeds inoculated…

  Iyanyi Nkechi Gloria and Ataga Anthony Eromosele

 Vol.19  No.1 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Incidence and relative abundance of rice stem borers in three selected rice fields in Lagos and Ogun States, Nigeria

This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of rice stem borer infestations and the species composition present in the selected rice fields. Data were collected between April 2017 and November 2018 across three locations, whi…

  Adewoye Bolajoko Bolarinwa, Anikwe Joseph Chuks, Makanjuola Winifred Ayinke

 Vol.19  No.1 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Stochastic evaluation of benthic biocoenosis as pollution assessment tool in a perturbed aquatic ecosystem

To analyse the extent of disturbances and determine the state of health of aquatic systems, the integration of several biological effects at different levels of biological organization has been used. One of the most valuable methods of…

  Uwadiae Roland Efe and Ajose Awanat Ajoke

 Vol.19  No.1 - 2021
Status:  Published

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Anthropometric indices as novel markers of risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among Nigerian adults in Zamfara State

Body mass index (BMI) has traditionally been used as an indicator of body size measure and composition. Although, other measures of adiposity of the abdomen such as waist circumference (WC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), neck circumference (N…

  Aguh Ikenna Bruno, Sani Zurmi Rabiu, Ohaleme Lynda Chinanu and Agba Andover Alfred

 Vol.19  No.1 - 2021
Status:  Published

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