The knowledge and use of insecticide treated nets (INTs) among rural dwellers in Ivo L.G.A, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Effective uses of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are considered key to the elimination of malaria among vulnerable populations. Several studies have revealed that the degree of awareness, ownership, and consistent use of ITNs by rural dwellers differ from one area or region to the other. The aim of the study was to determine the awareness of ITNs and factors affecting their use among rural dwellers in Ivo L.G.A of Ebonyi State. Simple survey method was adopted for the study. Three hundred (300) questionnaires were given out to respondents; however, 276 respondents representing 92% of the sample size returned their questionnaires. The data generated was analyzed and represented in simple frequency table and simple bar chart using IBM SPSS statistical package. The result indicated that majority of the respondents in the study area had vast knowledge of ITNs. Relationship between educational level, age, occupation of respondents and knowledge of ITNs was observed. The result showed that age, educational status, and educational status of rural dwellers were significantly associated with their knowledge of ITNs in Ivo LGA. Majority (72.5%) of the respondents in the study area had vast knowledge about ITNs, while minority (27.5%) had little or no knowledge of ITNs. The knowledge of ITNs by rural dwellers in Ivo LGA was independent of gender of the rural dwellers. A study to assess the actual use and impact of utilization of ITNs among children, pregnant mothers, nursing mothers, the adolescents, and the aged in Ivo communities is recommended.

 Uhuo Emmanuel Nnaemeka, Godwin Kingsley Okechukwu, Alaebo Prince Okechukwu and Obike Chiemeziem Adanna