Instruction to The Authors

Manuscripts should be submitted online in Microsoft word doc or docx formats only to the Editor-in-Chief at the official publication of Faculty of Biological Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
Papers should be original contributions in the fields of Biology and Biotechnology (including Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Microbiology and Agrobiology).
Manuscripts: Should be type-written with double spacing throughout leaving a 5-cm wide margin on only one side of A4 paper. Papers should not exceed 6 printed pages (about 12 manuscript pages) including figures and tables. Authors should indicate in the manuscripts where they desire the figures and tables to be inserted. Papers are to be written in English or French languages only.
The Title Page: Should contain full title of the article; full names and address of author(s) (including name of the institution, city and country); any footnotes referring to the title (indicated by astericks); the page heading (running title) with no more than 55 letters, including spaces; and the address to which proofs should be sent.
Abstract: Authors should provide a separate abstract of not more than 200 words.
Text: This should contain an Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion. Results and discussion may be combined in one section. Genus and species names should be in italics.
References: The list of references should be alphabetical in order and should include the full title of the cited article. Examples are hereby indicated of the form in which references should be presented.

Axcell, B., Kruger, L. and Allen, G. (1988). Some investigative studies with yeast foods. In: Proceedings of the 20th Convention of the Institute of Brewing (Australia and New Zealand Section). Institute of brewing, Sydney, Australia, pp 201–209. Cassey, G.P. and Ingledew, W.M. (1985). Reevaluation of alcohol synthesis in brewer’s yeast. MBAA Technical Quarterly, 22: 133–141. Ononogbu, I.C. and Echeta, N.B.C. (1987a). Haemoglobin glycosylation and erythrocyte free fatty acid concentration in garri-fed rats. Nutr. Res., 7: 883–886. Ononogbu, I.C. and Echeta, N.B.C. (1987b). Haemoglobin glycosylation and erythrocyte free fatty acid concentration in ogi-fed rats. Nutr. Res., 7: 887–889.

References should be given in the text by author and year (e.g. Axcell et al., 1988; Casey and Ingledew, 1985; Ononogbu and Echeta, 1987a; 1987b). Illustrations: Must be restricted to the minimum needed to clarify the text. Previously published illustrations or illustrations in colours are usually not accepted. Explanations of figures furnished as legends to figures should not be repeated in the text. Numerical data given in graphs or tables must not be duplicated. As a rule, request for colour reproductions cannot be approved unless the author bears the cost. All figures, whether photographs, graphs, or diagrams, must be mentioned in the text and the top of the figure, the title of the paper, the author’s name, and the figure number should be marked lightly on the back in soft pencil. All figures are to be numbered consecutively throughout and submitted separately. Whenever, possible several figures should be grouped into a plate on one page. Inscriptions on figures should be clearly legible. Letters 2mm high are recommended. The publishers reserve the right to reduce or enlarge line drawings. Half Tone Illustrations: Please submit sharp, well contrasted photographic prints trimmed at right angles and in the desired final size. Inscriptions should be about 3mm high. If reduction is absolutely necessary, please state the alternative scale desired. The publishers reserve the right to reduce or enlarge line illustrations. Short and concise, but self-sufficient legends are required. These should be appended to the text. Rapid Communications: Short reports of new results of special interest will be published out of order as rapid publications. Authors are expected to append a note explaining why the text merits publication in this form. A rapid communication should normally not exceed 2-3 printed pages, including one table and, if necessary, one figure. After acceptance, authors are expected to produce their texts in the forms they are to be published. Rapid publications will appear in print one or two months after receipt of the final version. Editors reserve the right to decide what constitutes a rapid communications. Bio-Research also accepts mini-reviews for publication. These must however, not exceed 5 printed pages in length. Authors are asked to contact one of the International Editors before the submission of a Mini-review. Handling/Page Charges: On acceptance of any manuscript, authors are required to pay a page charge of ten thousand Naira (N10,000.00) only. Contributors outside Nigeria are requested to $100 (US dollars) to the Editor-in-Chief in certified bank draft. Subscription and Advert Correspondence to be directed to: Dr. E.I. Nweze (Editor-In-Chief) Bio-Research, Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.